John Fitzgerald Kennedy

Thirty-fifth President of the United States (1961-1963)

By Liliana Hernandez

English 8a/Ms. Fargé

(This picture shows how JFK Jr. discovers a secret passage into his father's, John F. Kennedy, arms)

 

John F.Kennedy was the youngest man elected as President of the United States, and the youngest to die in office. His nickname was "JFK". He was from Irish descent. He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. He was the second son of financier, Joseph Patrick Kennedy (1888-1969), and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1890-1995). His childhood is unknown because there is nothing public written about it. (Here is a picture of JFK's parents.)

He graduated from Harvard, in 1940, and he entered the Navy in 1943. It has been told that when JFK's boat was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer, Kennedy, despite grave injuries, led the survivors through perilous waters to safety.

Returning home to Boston with a citation for valor, the rich and ambitious young veteran joined the Democratic Party and successfully ran for U.S House of Representatives in 1946. Massachusetts voters elected him to the U.S Senate in 1952.

On September 12 ,1953, he married Jacqueline Bouvier. They had two children, Caroline Bouvier, born in 1957 and John F.Kennedy JR., born in 1960.

JFK had spinal surgery, and during his recuperation, Kennedy completed profiles in courage (1956), and biographical sketches of political heroes, for which he won a pulitzer price in (1957).

After an unsuccessful attempt to win the vice-presidential nominations on the ticket of Adlai E. Stevenson in 1956, Kennedy began to plan for the presidential election of 1960. He said, "Ask not what your country can do for you---ask what you can do for your country".

As president, he set out to redeem his campaign pledge to get America moving again. His economy pograms launched the country on its longest sustained expansion since World War II. Before his death, he laid plans for a massive assault on persisting pockets of privation and property. He wished America to resume its old mission as the first nation dedicated to the revolution of human rights with the Alliance for Pogress as the peace corps. He brought America's idealism to the aid of developing nations but the hard reality of the communist challenge remained.

Shortly after his presidential inauguration, Kennedy permitted a band of Cuban exiles, already armed and trained, to invade their homeland.The attempt to overthrow the regime of Fidel Castro was a failure. Kennedy replied by reinforcing the Berlin garrison and increasing the Nations military strength,including new efforts in outer space. Instead, the Russians now sought to install nuclear missiles in Cuba.The American response to the Cuban crisis evidently pervaded Moscow of the futility of nuclear blackmail. Kennedy contended that both sides had a vital interest in stopping the spread of nuclear weapons and slowing the arm race. This led to the Test Ban Treaty of 1963. The months after the Cuban crisis showed significant progress toward his goal of "a world of law and free choice. "His administration saw the beginning of new hope for both the equal rights of Americans and the peace of the world.

John F.Kennedy was shot in Dallas, Texas, in 1963. He once said that "just as I went into politics when Joe died, if anything happens to me tomorrow, my brother Bobby would run for my seat. And if anything happened to him, my brother Teddy would run for us".

His son, John F. Kennedy JR. also died very young, at the age of 39, with his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, 33, along with her twin sister Lauren G. Bessette in a plane accident.