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Kidney Dialysis Patients

Effects of chloramines on kidney dialysis


Hemodialysis patients, like fish, must also remove chloramines from water used by their artificial kidneys. During hemodialysis, water comes in contact with the patient's blood across a permeable membrane. The chloramines would be drawn into the blood where they would damage the red blood cells. In other words, it would make it very difficult for the cells to carry the oxygen. The patient, as a result would become dangerously anemic.



The first picture is that of a healthy cell. The second picture illustrates the effects of chloramines on a healthy cell.


Methods to remove chloramines

  • The addition of ascrobic acid.

  • The use of granular activated carbon