Understanding Computers Today and Tomorrow
– Using Your PC, Windows, and the Web
Pages 38 – 44
first thing a new computer user needs to know about using a PC is
and start it up.
- If the
power indicator light is on but the computer doesn’t appear to be active,
the unit may be
Sleeping computers can usually be awakened by moving the
or pressing a key on the
the power button is pressed, the
the boot procedure, part of the computer’s
- the type of systems software that manages a computer’s activities – is
loaded into the
manner in which an operating system or any other type program interacts
with its users is known as its
programs today use a
or GUI, which uses graphical objects (such as icons and buttons) and the
mouse to much more easily tell the computer what the
wants it to do.
is the most common operating system today.
- One of
the advantages of using Windows is that
software written for any version of the Windows operating system has a
appearance and works essentially the same way as Windows does.
appears on the screen after a computer using the Windows operating system
has completed the boot process.
desktop is where
and other objects are displayed when they are being used.
are used to open programs, documents, or Web pages.
is located along the bottom of the desktop.
Start button is used to display the Start
the main menu for Windows that is used to start programs.
(groups of icons that can be used to quickly invoke commands) may be
displayed on the Windows taskbar.
is a set of options – usually text based – from which the user can choose
to initiate a desired action in a program.
is the command that can be activated by either pressing the
key or by clicking the mouse button while still pointing to that item.
- An item
on a menu with a
to the left of it means that the associated option is turned on.
- In a
pull down menu an option that is faded or
means this particular choice is unavailable in the context of what you’re
to the right of a menu option means that this menu item will display
another menu containing more specific options when selected.
are small pictures that represent such items as a computer program or
start a program or anything else represented by a desktop icon, the
consists of a set of icons or buttons called toolbar buttons an usually
stretches horizontally across the screen.
on the Windows desktop that are underlined, as well as underlined and/or
different colored text on a Web page or Help screen, generally indicate