Introduction to Computers  
  Understanding Computers Today and Tomorrow  
  Chapter 2, Part 1  


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Understanding Computers Today and Tomorrow


Chapter 2 – Using Your PC, Windows, and the Web


Part 1 Pages 38 – 44


  1. The first thing a new computer user needs to know about using a PC is       and start it up.
  2. If the power indicator light is on but the computer doesn’t appear to be active, the unit may be      .
  3. Sleeping computers can usually be awakened by moving the       or pressing a key on the      .
  4. After the power button is pressed, the       process begins.
  5. During the boot procedure, part of the computer’s             - the type of systems software that manages a computer’s activities – is loaded into the      .
  6. The manner in which an operating system or any other type program interacts with its users is known as its            .
  7. Most programs today use a                   or GUI, which uses graphical objects (such as icons and buttons) and the mouse to much more easily tell the computer what the       wants it to do.
  8.       is the most common operating system today.
  9. One of the advantages of using Windows is that       software written for any version of the Windows operating system has a       appearance and works essentially the same way as Windows does.
  10. The Windows       appears on the screen after a computer using the Windows operating system has completed the boot process.
  11. The desktop is where      ,      ,      , and other objects are displayed when they are being used.
  12. Desktop       are used to open programs, documents, or Web pages.
  13. The       is located along the bottom of the desktop.
  14. The Start button is used to display the Start      , the main menu for Windows that is used to start programs.
  15.       (groups of icons that can be used to quickly invoke commands) may be displayed on the Windows taskbar.
  16. A       is a set of options – usually text based – from which the user can choose to initiate a desired action in a program.
  17. The             is the command that can be activated by either pressing the       key or by clicking the mouse button while still pointing to that item.
  18. An item on a menu with a       to the left of it means that the associated option is turned on.
  19. In a pull down menu an option that is faded or      -       means this particular choice is unavailable in the context of what you’re currently doing.
  20. An       to the right of a menu option means that this menu item will display another menu containing more specific options when selected.
  21.       are small pictures that represent such items as a computer program or document.
  22. To start a program or anything else represented by a desktop icon, the       is used.
  23. A       consists of a set of icons or buttons called toolbar buttons an usually stretches horizontally across the screen.
  24. Icons on the Windows desktop that are underlined, as well as underlined and/or different colored text on a Web page or Help screen, generally indicate      .