Mystery to Medicine

Unit 3 - Open Court Reading 2000

Timeline for Modern and Herbal Medicine

Year
Event
Picture
2500 - 300 B.C.

Chinese use herbal and acupuncture treatments

460 - 377 B.C.
Hippocrates, the "Father of Modern Medicine" observes patients (Hippocratic Oath)
A.D. 1220 - 1280
Eyeglasses used for vision problems - Venetians

1334

The Black Plague - 3/4ths of the populations of Europe and Asia die

1628

William Harvey discoveries - blood circulates, heart pumps blood

1674

Anton van Leeuwenhoek - made a power microscope - 160X magnification

1735
Claudius Amyan - 1st successful appendix surgery
1753

James Lind - discovers cure for scurvy, lack of adequate vitamin C

1780

Benjamin Franklin - invents a lens that is bifocal

1796

Edward Jenner - uses cowpox to combat smallpox successfully

 

1860

Louis Pasteur - made connection between germs and disease from airborne bacteria, or microbes

1860
Florence Nightingale - founder of modern nursing, opens Nightingale School for Nurses
1881

Louis Pasteur - experimented on animals to prove theory that germs cause disease and developed an anthrax vaccine

1885

Louis Pasteur - created a rabies vaccine

1886
Louis Pasteur - using wine, he creates pasteurization, a process of heating the wine up until it kills all of the bacteria
1893
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams - 1st successful open heart surgery
1895

Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen - X-rays discovered

1899
Pain is relieved using aspirin
1929

Alexander Fleming - discovers penicillin, 1st antiobiotic, from mold that kills bacteria

1939

Howard Florey - treated the 1st patient with pencillin

1953

Jonas Salk - creates a vaccine for polio

 

1958

Ake Senning - creates 1st pacemaker

1975

WHO helps eradicate smallpox in a mass vaccination campaign

1985
Less invasive surgery is developed, called "keyhole" surgery
1997

Stanley Prusiner wins Nobel Prize for his work on brain disease caused by prions

   

 

Date revised 1/6/06